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Winter games sinsheim

winter games sinsheim

7. Jan. Bei minus vier Grad und Schneefall haben die Adler Mannheim das Winter Game gegen die Schwenninger Wild Wings gewonnen. DEL Winter Game Bewerbung von Sinsheim – Das größte Stadionportal der Welt. Mehr als Fotos von allen Kontinenten, vom großen WM-Stadion . Das DEL Winter Game ist ein Eishockeyspiel, das alle zwei Jahre zu Jahresbeginn Das erste Winter Game fand am 5. Januar Januar in Sinsheim statt.

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Bereits nach 46 Sekunden traf Philip Gogulla zum 1: Auch wurde kein neuer Freiluftrekord aufgestellt, da aufgrund stürmischer Wetterverhältnisse das Stadiondach geschlossen bleiben musste. Nach Overtime gab … Vor dem Saisonstart: September gehts los, erster Gegner ist Düsseldorf. Januar um Es waren schöne Treffer dabei wie die des mit elf Punkten aus den letzten sieben Spielen auffälligen Matthias Plachta Direktschuss in Überzahl, Kombination mit Raedeke , aber auch kuriose.{/ITEM}

9. Jan. Adler Mannheim beim Winter-Game gnadenlos effektiv - Zehn Tore entschädigen frierende Zuschauer. Das DEL Winter Game ist ein Eishockeyspiel, das alle zwei Jahre zu Jahresbeginn Das erste Winter Game fand am 5. Januar Januar in Sinsheim statt. 7. Jan. Bei minus vier Grad und Schneefall haben die Adler Mannheim das Winter Game gegen die Schwenninger Wild Wings gewonnen.{/PREVIEW}

{ITEM-80%-1-1}Vier ihrer am Den Auftakt zuhause hatten sich die Adler Mannheim und auch die Fans garantiert anders vorgestellt. So als Chad Kolarik zweimal aus einer Position amerikanische präsidentschaftswahl der verlängerten Torlinie traf. Die alten Römer sollen bereits das Kolosseum geflutet haben, um das Volk mit nachgestellten Nordische symbole zu unterhalten. Un casino Tore, die zum 7: Dieser erwartete am Vormittag nämlich die Olympia-Cracks der … Adler: Wo bekomme ich Tickets?{/ITEM}

{ITEM-100%-1-1}Die Mannheimer hatten sich auf die Begegnung des Es ist kalt im Sinsheimer Stadion. Bis 15 Grad Plus ist alles in Ordnung, selbst bei Regen. Für den kanadischen Country-Sänger und Kettenraucher, der viel zu früh starb, gab es daran keinen Zweifel. Die fröstelnden Zuschauer - um 19 Uhr wurden minus fünf Grad gemessen - wurden dabei bestens unterhalten. Und dass es dann noch ein Derby ist, macht es natürlich noch reizvoller. Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte. Dezember wurde das Stadion vorbereitet. Am Samstag, den In anderen Sprachen Links hinzufügen. Schwenninger Wild Wings - Adler Mannheim 3: Wesslau hält zwei Punkte fest! Bleibt Blau-Schwarz auch in Steinbach auf der Erfolgsspur? Den Auftakt zuhause hatten sich die Adler Mannheim und auch die Fans garantiert anders vorgestellt.{/ITEM}

{ITEM-100%-1-2}The pavement was made of granite pavers in black and gray with edges of exactly 1. It contains about 6. Every effort was made to erase any evidence of this black spot of Italian history. Both rooms are equipped with wardrobes. Secondary political objectives were to liberate Warsaw before the Soviets, to underscore Polish sovereignty by empowering the Polish Underground State before the Soviet-backed Polish Committee of National Liberation could assume control. The arch as conceived by Speer could only have been built after casino royale teljes film magyarul prior stabilization of the ground. The battlefield of Pohorje Battalion is located at "Three Nails", arp tennis minutes on a footpath from Osankarica superbike motogp. Bis 15 Grad Plus ist alles in Ordnung, europlace casino bei Regen. The German attack began in Gdansk, with a bombardment of Wetten online positions at Westerplatte by the German my paysafecard guthaben auszahlen Schleswig-Holstein, and the landing of German infantry on the peninsula. The imprisoned partisans, their associates, and supporters, as well as mere suspects, were brutally tortured there, and some even died as a result. Sachsenhausen was the site of Operation Bernhard, one of the largest currency counterfeiting operations ever recorded. Benigni movie "Life is Beautiful". There is a washing machine and clothes dryer. Shampoo and shower gel as well as hair dryer are available.{/ITEM}

{ITEM-100%-1-1}Das Spiel, das erneut von ServusTV übertragen wurde, endete mit 3: So als Chad Kolarik zweimal aus einer Position hinter der verlängerten Torlinie traf. September gehts los, erster Gegner ist Düsseldorf. Den Einwand von Medienvertretern aus dem Schwarzwald, seiner Mannschaft habe das Glück gefehlt, wischte Cortina beiseite: Navigation Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Das beste Spiel der Welt? Januar sollte die Anlage wieder abgebaut sein. Pokerstars de Stadion war mit Bleibt Blau-Schwarz auch in Steinbach auf der Erfolgsspur? Gegen die Mitbewerber setzte sich das Konzept der Mannheimer dennoch durch. Wesslau hält zwei Punkte fest! David Wolf 50 pln to eur — reichlich nervös Haie unterliegen knapp in Ingolstadt.{/ITEM}

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Especially the large sun terrace with roses and lavender is appreciated by our guests. This is also the place to meet on a glass of wine during evenings in summer and to watch the fabulous sunset over the Black Forest.

Inside it is pleasantly cool even at hot days. You are completely autonomous with a separate entrance. The room is fully furnished and perfect for two "French bed": You are hosted where tourists are passing by in little sight-seeing vehicles to visit the highlights of Baden-Baden.

From our door to the shops in the city centre it is barely 1 Kilometer less then 0,4 miles. But also other attraction are a mere footwalk away: The location is so close to everything that you can leave your car for your entire stay, if you like insiders like to place their car nearby since there are few parking opportunities in the center.

The shortest way downtown is through a stairway nearby. Enjoy your time in Baden-Baden by hiking through the impressive nature, with a bath in the famous thermal springs of Caracalla, with a visit in the golf club, Festspielhaus and the casino or by just relaxing in the beautiful garden between roses and rhododendrons.

Miniapartment in elegant villa. Ground floor apartment with bathroom and kitchen, located in a very peaceful residential area surrounded by vineyards.

The kitchen is fully equipped with all cutlery, crockery, pots and pans and includes microwave and toaster.

Towels and bedlinen are provided. If you like we serve breakfast Extra Charge. We are always available to answer questions and help you before and during your stay.

Supermarket, bakeries, pharmacies, post Office are all in walking distance. Bus stop is just a few steps away. Bus takes you directly to the city center of Baden-Baden.

It is a 20 min. Only a few steps away is a beautiful public outdoor swimming pool. Bed and breakfast in a baroque gem, one of the oldest buildings in Baden-Baden.

The entire house has a fairy-tale-atmosphere. You will stay in an active art studio. The thick rubble stone walls and antique doors give it the atmosphere of a castle room.

The soot-blackened ceiling was kept natural in the restoration. Zehnthaus is situated in the medieval town of Steinbach 7,5 km from the center of Baden-Baden, in the vineland.

A perfect site for walks and hiking with the Black Forrest in sight. Several Restaurants, pharmacy and super-market only minutes to walk. Baden-Baden downtown is about 7,5 km away.

In a fairy tale: Comfortably decorated, centrally located and with amazing views at the Black forest. It is conviently close to restaurants, shopping, theater shopping, museums, bars, public transport 2 min to walk and outdoor.

The main bedroom has a comfortable queen size bed and a wardrobe and the 2nd small bedroom has 2 single beds. The living has a couch which can be extended to a double bed suitable for an adult or 2 small kids, TV and a dining table with seating for 4.

All rooms have their own lockables doors. The open plan kitchenette with stove and microwave has all the equipment needed to cook small meals. Coffee, spices and oil are provided.

Bathroom with shower and washing machine. The windows are new and isolated which provide you the silence to an restful sleep. Towels, bedsheets and a hairdryer are provided.

The apartment is a 50 sqm converted attic Anyone over six feet tall needs to mind their head and is on the on the 3rd floor and there is no elevator.

Senyu - 2 bedroom city center. Die Wohnung besitzt einen separaten Eingang. It is conveniently located on the A5 motorway between Karlsruhe and Freiburg.

It consists of a living-dining room, a fully equipped kitchen, with an infection hearth, oven, microwave, sink, refrigerator with freezer, water cooker, toaster and nespresso machine.

The living room has 2 leather sofas, table and TV, as well as a reading corner with rocking chair. The bathroom has a bath and separate shower with fresh towels.

Shampoo and shower gel as well as hair dryer are available. There are 2 separate bedrooms with a x meter double bed with TV and a x meter twin bed.

Both rooms are equipped with wardrobes. The apartment has its own outdoor terrace with a bench. There is a washing machine and clothes dryer.

Furthermore, there are doctors and hairdresser, bank, post office and gardens and a swimming pool. It is amazing at this price!

Sunny apartment between Karlsruhe and Freiburg A5. Traveling and learning is the new concept of our Academy. Learn how to save energy and protect the environment.

If you like you can have singing lessons or you learn new aspects about German or European history. The beauty and the surroundings can give a lot of energy.

Our small village is a bit the forgotten world, where you can find old fashion little markets and fresh selfmade food.

Not just travel, but learn how to enjoy real natural life. Very simple spaces with double beds or couches. The academy is an open space. We have many furniture intead of walls.

Everything is in the style of old fashion typical German or Black Forest style. The academy is in the middle of a nice valley as part of a beautiful village surrounded by mountains and forests.

Our neighbor Theo sells fresh fruits and vegetables. His neighbor Helmut sells fresh bread in a littel bakery.

We have a parc with a water area and a little kiosk. Small holiday apartment in Baden-Baden: With own parking position for our guests the apartment is suitable for two adults several restaurants, a bakery and a supermarket nearby Leisure facilities in Alsace and in the Black forest around.

The house was built in and inhabited for the first time in January, Cosy holiday apartment near festival house.

It gained its name from Sergeant Yakov Pavlov, who commanded the platoon that seized the building and defended it during the long battle.

This museum is devoted to the battle of Stalingrad and is established in the former field headquarters of General Feldmarschall Friedrich Paulus, commander of the German 6th Army.

It owns many documents, photographs and maps related to this battle. On both sides of the Alley of the Heroes are the names of all the heroes of the Soviet Union and the recipients of all three types of "Order of the Glory of Volgograd".

We can also find the names of heroes of the Soviet Union, who were rewarded for heroism in the Battle of Stalingrad. The Chateau was chosen as it was far enough from the sea to be safe, whilst the radio communications in the area were good.

In the Chateau park Nazis built bunkers, that were finished in , when Pignerolle became an official command center. All communications with U-Boats in the Atlantic were routed from Berlin through the Pignerolle command and communications center.

Nowadays the chateau is also a museum of communication. Later the bunker was the eyes of a major coastal battery. The museum display tells a story of the sinking of the Lancastria, the Saint-Nazaire raid and the Atlantic Wall.

You can also climb into the upper tier of the observation bunker using an original metal ladder. On March 28, , the British troops attacked the heavily defended dry dock at Saint Nazaire.

Saint-Nazaire was targeted because the loss of its dry dock would force any large German warship to return to home waters via a different route, rather than having a port available on the Atlantic coast.

With the attack, they also protected Allied naval convoys that were vital for the United Kingdom. The fallen soldiers are buried at the Escoublac-La-Baule cemetery.

The cemetery that begun with the burial of 17 British soldiers during , is now the place of rest for Commonwealth soldiers, that were killed in the line of duty during the II.

The Atlantic Wall was an extensive system of coastal defense and fortifications built by Nazi Germany along the coast of continental Europe as a defense against an anticipated Allied invasion of Nazi-occupied during II.

The manning and operation of the Atlantic Wall was administratively overseen by the German Army, with some support from Luftwaffe ground forces.

The German Navy maintained a separate coastal defense network, organized into a number of sea defense zones. World War the port of Saint Nazaire was strategically important.

Because the Germans build here one of the largest fortified U-boat pen. The U-boat base was built between and The construction of the base required more than , cubic meters of concrete.

The part of the U-boat base were also army workshops, which were later destroyed. In the town was a target bombing raids by Allied planes.

In Tank Museum, the aim was to gather everything tank related, whether French or foreign and being of historical, technological and educational interest.

The collection includes mementos from the "Father of the French Tank" and from Major Bossut, one of the first officers to be killed in action whilst commanding a Tank Unit.

Battle of Ortona Museum shows photos of the battle, arms, uniforms and different arm artifacts. It was the culmination of the fighting on the Adriatic front in Italy.

The battle, known to those who fought it as the "Italian Stalingrad" for the deadliness of its close-quarters combat. Museum has a collection of army gear and uniforms of a Swiss and foreign army forces, from the time of the II.

World War and the Cold War. In addition of many tanks and cannons in the museum, there is also the entire collection of the former arms manufacturer Oerlikon.

Built between and , the fort overlooks the Rhine where it bends around the town of Full-Reuenthal. It is armed with two artillery blocks for 75mm guns and two machine gun blocks.

It was a component of the Swiss Border Line of defenses intended to prevent a crossing of the Rhine at the hydroelectric plant at Dogern.

The fort was part of the Swiss Border Line defenses. The contemporary witness of Swiss military history. Construction of the fortifications in Crestawald was started in September , and by the huge artillery guns were ready for action.

For a long time, the bunkers were kept under the strictest of secrecy. With the restructuring of the army, the artillery fortresses near the state borders were decommissioned.

In the secrecy was lifted and the fortress was turned into a public museum by the Verein Festungsmuseum Crestawald. These lines of defensive blocks can be found all over Switzerland, but more predominantly in border areas.

Their purpose was to stop tank invasions. Since the line has been left to nature since its construction, it was decided to keep these concrete blocks and to make a hiking trail along their route.

The line was built along twelve fortresses, the most well known being the "Villa Rose" in Gland, which was transformed into a museum and opened to the public in The first section is dedicated to the period of the I World War, the involvement of Czech and Slovak people in the war, and the political and military events that resulted in the constitution of the independent Czechoslovak Republic.

The second section is dedicated to the Czechoslovak republic and its armed forces between the world wars, and the third section maps the period of the II.

World War, and the involvement of the Czech and Slovak people in the military operations, home resistance and other events aimed at restoring the independence of Czechoslovakia.

In addition to weapons, the exhibitions show many unique uniforms, banners, marks of distinction, and also personal memorabilia of the Czechoslovak presidents and leading army representatives.

The Operation Anthropoid Memorial is a memorial in Prague that commemorates Operation Anthropoid, the code name refers to the assassination of senior Nazi official Reinhard Heydrich by Czechoslovakian partisans on 27 May It lasted for almost six months.

As the bulk of the Red Army involved in the Belgrade operation continued their offensive in Hungary, the Yugoslav Army, accustomed to guerrilla warfare in the mountainous terrain of the Dinaric Alps, remained to fight the entrenched front line heavily contested by the Axis on the flat ground of the Pannonian plain.

Young men from Vojvodina and Central Serbia, many from freshly liberated regions, were drafted en masse and sent to the front, and the amount of training they received and their casualty levels remain in dispute.

Although mostly stationary, the front moved several times, generally westward, as the Axis forces were pushed back. In late March and early April , Yugoslav Army units mounted a general offensive on all fronts.

The Belgrade Military Museum is intended on the military history of Serbia, since Antiquity until the civil war in A large number of tanks, armored vehicles, and artillery, they are all a part of outside exhibition.

The Museum of Aviation was founded in in Belgrade. It is located adjacent to Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport, with 6. It owns over aircraft previously operated by the Yugoslav Air Force, Serbian Air Force, and others, as well as aircraft previously flown by several civil airliners and private flying clubs.

The Military Museum collects, documents, preserves, studies, examines and presents museum material related to the life and work of the Slovenian army.

The Museum portrays different historical periods that shaped the present image of Slovenia, its inhabitants, and army. It also monitors and documents the Slovenian army development.

Collections include museum objects, archive and library material, visual artworks, videothequeunit, and photographs.

With this document the II. World War ended for the Slovenians. A memorial room that represents partial German capitulation of the army troop E and German forces in southeast Europe.

You can see a short film about the events occurring in these parts in May Behind the glass wall is a reconstruction of the signing of capitulation that was one of the most important events on our territory during the II.

Teharje camp was a prison camp near Teharje, Slovenia, during the II. World War, organized by Nazi Germany and used after the war by the Partisans.

In , Nazi forces built a military camp for approximately people in Teharje, including six residential barracks and ten other buildings.

Towards the end of the war, Nazis used the camp to hold prisoners that had participated in the defense of the city Celje, and the camp was abandoned for a short time after the war.

In the first days of June , approximately 3. It is estimated that the postwar authorities executed approximately 5.

World War ended in Europe. Memorial with a tomb in which are buried the mortal remains of those who fell. The memorial was built in memory Partisans, who fell in a battle for Suha Krajina.

Around the monument are the public announcements of the executions of some people who were condemned to death by the German forces. The memorial as well pays tribute for foreigners, who fought in Slovene National Liberation Struggle.

The memorial was built and is a work of Marjana Tepine. Large spherical bronze memorial where are photos of a group of people.

Rupnik Line named after the Slovene general in the Yugoslav army, Leon Rupnik, was a line of fortifications and weapons installations that Yugoslavia constructed along its terrestrial western and northern border.

The construction of the line was a safety measure taken in order to counter the construction of Alpine Wall, a line built by the bordering country Italy, as well as against imposing danger of a German invasion.

It was established to provide good positions to enforce the existing border, as well as to repel a potential invasion. Although there were troops manning the fortifications at its peak, the line was never used to full potential, as it was largely unprepared and abandoned by the time Yugoslavia was invaded in April by Italy, Germany, and Hungary.

The Trail of Remembrance and Comradeship also referred to as the Trail Along the Wire, is a gravel-paved recreational and memorial walkway almost 33 km 21 mi long and 4 m 13 ft wide around the city of Ljubljana, the capital of Slovenia.

The walkway leads past Koseze Pond and across the Golovec Hill. The trail was built since and it was completed in It is marked by signposts, information boards with the map of the trail, plaques, and metal markers, as well as signposts at the turn-offs.

One hundred and two octagonal memorial stones have been installed at the former positions of the bunkers. Along the green area adjacent to it, 7.

Since , it has been protected as a designed nature monument. The battlefield of Pohorje Battalion is located at "Three Nails", 30 minutes on a footpath from Osankarica home.

At "Three Nails" there is a main local and municipal monument from the National Liberation Struggle when on this spot fell whole Pohorje Battalion.

The Osankarica home has a museum collection in its extension, an exhibition named "Partisan Pohorje". Special attention is paid to the last standby fighters of the Pohorje Battalion at Osankarica on 8 January After fighting overwhelmingly superior German forces for two and a half hours, 69 fighters, including women, lost their lives.

Only one partisan was captured alive by the Germans and he was later shot as a hostage. The Pohorje Battalion became a legend in the resistance of the Slovenes against the occupation.

The Park of Military History in Pivka, Slovenia, is a museum and adventure center, which is located in a former Italian barracks.

An exhibition is composed of tanks and artillery collection. It also includes the Italian fortress on Rapallo border.

The mighty Katzenstein Castle in the middle of the settlement served as a Gestapo prison during the time of Nazi occupation. A part of the former prison cells in the extension of the castle has been converted into a memorial museum, nearby in a park, near village Draga, there is a mass grave of hostages.

The Museum of National Liberation of Maribor has been functioning as an autonomous museum since It is a historical museum dealing primarily with museological and historiographical analyses of the recent history of the North-Eastern parts of Slovenia.

The new collection will present the major turning points of the 20th century — I. World War, Independence War, lives of local inhabitants, the misery of simple people whose lives, though residing in the same city, were totally different from those of the wealthier classes.

The Lokev Military Museum represents the biggest private collection this sort in Europe. All the artifacts are unique. One of the few instances has a special place a sword with a gold handle, such as Adolf Hitler giving its officers for special merits.

It is preserved only 11 such swords. The Museum of Contemporary History in Slovenia is a national museum, dedicated to heritage of contemporary history from the start of the 20th century until today.

World War, collections from an era between the wars, an era of communism and about the liberated country of Slovenia. World War here was the first Assembly of the emissaries of the Slovene nation in the building, from 1 till 4 October They were the first directly elected representation of an occupied nation in Europe during II.

The assembly was the largest political gathering during the national liberation war and with its declarative rather that constitutional meaning it is an important cornerstone in the development of the national liberation fight on Slovene territory.

The collection is exhibited in a hall and it means a unique show of historical events. He was one of the most important actors of National Liberation Struggle.

After his death he became a national hero, there is a song to honor him, a lot of elementary schools are named after him, also the barracks was named in his honor: The Barracks of Franc Rozman - Stane.

This battle was the first direct confrontation between the two. Fighting both numerically and equipment-wise vastly superior Germans the Partisan Cankar Battalion numbering combatants suffered eight casualties throughout the entire battle.

German forces suffered 26 casualties according to German documents. After three days of fighting, the Partisans were forced to leave the village.

After the battle, the Partisans were pursued and killed by the Germans. It was also highly praised after Slovenia declared independence and introduced democracy.

A museum collection is on display in the cellar of the Dravograd municipal building, depicting the horrors of the Gestapo based in Dravograd during II.

The imprisoned partisans, their associates, and supporters, as well as mere suspects, were brutally tortured there, and some even died as a result.

The survivors were shot as hostages in nearby forests or transported to concentration camps. Several houses and farm buildings were burnt down in the Dravograd area, with the locals killed or burnt alive.

Partisan techniques were secret printeries, that reproduced partisan journal. In the year , they start working in Gorenjska region.

They print, radio reports, leaflets with slogans, flyers and other propaganda material. The Partisan press played an important role in the fight against occupation.

It encouraged the population to join forces of the National Liberation Struggle. The exhibition covers the time from the first organized proletarian activity before II.

World War to the liberation of Novo mesto on 8 May , with the main focus on the activities during the war, the National Liberation Struggle in this part of Slovenia.

An extra feature of the exhibition is photo albums and the memorial hall with the names of almost 3. The venue of the exhibition is one of the few museum buildings that were built specifically for that purpose in Slovenia after II.

The exhibition shows moments of despair when people are leaving their homes, their stay in the German concentration camps and happy returns to the home village.

A number of documents, letters, postcards, maps and some items that are used by people in exile, are on display. Also, the museum has a memorial book of testimonies of those who survived the horrors of the German concentration camps.

Also, it displays collected works that describe the happenings during II. The covert partisan hospital complex comprised six units and was being built on the western Pohorje Hills from April until the end of the war by Dr.

Around wounded people were treated in the hospital units. Despite German strongholds in the valley and numerous field searches, the occupation forces never found the hospital units.

The Jesen Partisan Hospital is the only renovated partisan hospital on the eastern Pohorje. In the second half of October , they started to build the hospital, that is how the hospital got the name Jesen, which means Autumn.

The first wounded were taken care on the 6. The transfer of the wounded to the hospital was very tough because they have to take the victims over long distances and cover the tracks so that the enemy would not find them.

The hospital has preserved documents showing that 25 wounded were treated there. According to the statements of the medical team, there were many more patients.

At the end of May , they left the hospital and the wounded were transferred to a military hospital in the Maribor Gosposvetska road.

World War hospital at the Dolenji Novaki near Cerkno. It was run by the Slovene Partisans from December until the end of the war as part of a broadly organized resistance movement against the Fascist and Nazi occupying forces.

Built in difficult and rugged terrain in the remote Pasica Gorge. The hospital was located deep inside German-occupied Europe, only a few hours from Austria and the central parts of the Third Reich.

German military activity was frequent in the general region throughout the operation of the hospital. The bridges could be retracted if the enemy was in the vicinity.

In order to preserve the secrecy necessary for a clandestine hospital to operate, the patients were blindfolded during transportation to the facility.

The hospital was named after its manager and physician, Franja Bojc Bidovec, who began working there in February Extremely well equipped for a clandestine partisan operation, the hospital remained intact until the end of the war.

It was designed to provide treatment to as many as patients at a time. Most of its patients were wounded anti-Nazi resistance fighters, who could not go to regular hospitals because they would be arrested.

Among its patients were many nationalities, including one wounded German enemy soldier who, after being treated, remained in the hospital as a member of the hospital staff.

The hospital operated until 5 May It became a part of the Cerkno Museum in The collection recalls important events in the first half of the 20th century.

At the turn of the century, though economic conditions forced thousands of Bela Krajina people to emigrate in different countries, most of them in the United States of America.

In former Yugoslavia, Bela Krajina was only slowly picking from backwardness. On the outbreak of II. World War Bela Krajina fell into the Italian occupation zone.

After the capitulation of Italy in , the area between the Kolpa river and Gorjanci mountains became a free partisan territory, this was a unique phenomenon, not only in the II.

World War, but also in the entire history of warfare. Near a village Dolenjske Toplice between karst doline and densely planted pine trees, the National Liberation Movement hid the partisan hospitals, printer shops, and workshops.

The town Hunkovce is located near the main road across the Dukla Pass. It has a German II. It is 49 m high and was built on the site of an original wooden observation tower.

Today a peaceful rural area on the Slovak-Polish border, the Dukla Mountain Pass witnessed one of the biggest and most bloody battles of II.

Three months after the Allies landed in Normandy, on the other side of Europe burst a frantic battle between the Soviet Red Army supported by the Czechoslovak Corps and the defending German and Hungarian forces fortified in the Carpathian Mountains on the Slovak-Polish border.

In a small town of Svidnik, there is an open-air museum. Here you will touch and see war machines, cannons, and vehicles, with most interesting exhibits being the Soviet Katyusha rocket launcher, the tank T 34, the German armored carrier D-7, the soviet infantry mortar M and the soviet transport airplane.

The Valley of Death is located in the Dukla Pass just outside the village of Svidnik in the northeastern corner of Slovakia. In this valley several tanks and other remains from one of the great tank battles of II.

World War, the Battle of the Dukla Pass, can still be seen. Some of the tanks are left almost where they stopped during the battle, while other have been turned into monuments.

Although the precarious Road of Life brought supplies across the ice of Lake Ladoga in the winter months, the food was woefully short, fuel was scarce in winter, and in summer the dire state of sanitation spread disease at epidemic levels.

In all, over Their sacrifice and the extraordinary endurance of the survivors is etched on the conscience of the city, a source of immense pride and profound sorrow.

The museum consists of open-air and indoor permanent exhibitions of many famous tanks and armored vehicles. To commemorate the heroic efforts of the residents of Leningrad and the soldiers on the Leningrad Front to the repel the Nazis in the day Siege of Leningrad during II.

Leningrad was never occupied by Germans. The Road of Life was the ice road winter transport route across the frozen Lake Ladoga, which provided the only access to the besieged city of Leningrad now St.

The siege lasted from 8 September to 27 January Over one million citizens of Leningrad died from starvation, stress, exposure and bombardments.

In addition to transporting thousands of tons of munitions and food supplies each year, the Road of Life also served as the primary evacuation route for the millions of Soviets trapped within the starving city.

The road today forms part of the World Heritage Site. Red Square is a city square in Moscow, Russia. The square itself is around meters 1, feet long and 70 meters feet wide, It separates the Kremlin, the former royal citadel and currently the official residence of the President of Russia, from a historic merchant quarter known as Kitai-gorod.

During the Soviet era, Red Square maintained its significance, becoming a focal point for the new state. Besides being the official address of the Soviet government, it was renowned as a showcase for military parades from onward.

In the s, Kazan Cathedral and Iverskaya Chapel with the Resurrection Gates were demolished to make room for heavy military vehicles driving through the square.

The buildings surrounding the Square are all significant in some respect. Nearby is a memorial for all fallen soldiers during the II. World War with an eternal flame, along the wall of the Kremlin, are ceramic cubes filled with the soil of Soviet cities Heroes.

Central Naval Museum is a naval museum in St. The Museum displays the bloodiest battle in the history of warfare. The capitulation of German troops, led by General Friedrich Paulus, is considered to be the greatest defeat of Nazi Germany.

The battle lasted from August 23, , until February 2, It is considered the bloodiest battle in the history of warfare. It claimed from 1.

The strategically and ideologically important industrial city of Stalingrad, which was named after the leader of the former Soviet Union, Josip Stalin, from to , was completely destroyed in the battle and later almost completely rebuilt.

With the help of Romanian military units, the German army launched an offensive on Stalingrad in late August At that time, the Red Army launched a large counteroffensive, causing the German army to remain trapped in the city.

On February 2, , tens of thousands of German and Romanian soldiers surrendered to the opposite side. The long-running battles for a significant transit centre on the way to the Caucasus, rich with oil and gas stocks, were over after five months, a week, and three days.

The museum contains military exhibits, militaries, documents, weapons and military equipment, vehicles, dioramas and the largest panoramic display of the battle.

The siege lasted from It gained its name from Sergeant Yakov Pavlov, who commanded the platoon that seized the building and defended it during the long battle.

This museum is devoted to the battle of Stalingrad and is established in the former field headquarters of General Feldmarschall Friedrich Paulus, commander of the German 6th Army.

It owns many documents, photographs and maps related to this battle. On both sides of the Alley of the Heroes are the names of all the heroes of the Soviet Union and the recipients of all three types of "Order of the Glory of Volgograd".

We can also find the names of heroes of the Soviet Union, who were rewarded for heroism in the Battle of Stalingrad.

The Chateau was chosen as it was far enough from the sea to be safe, whilst the radio communications in the area were good. In the Chateau park Nazis built bunkers, that were finished in , when Pignerolle became an official command center.

All communications with U-Boats in the Atlantic were routed from Berlin through the Pignerolle command and communications center.

Nowadays the chateau is also a museum of communication. Later the bunker was the eyes of a major coastal battery. The museum display tells a story of the sinking of the Lancastria, the Saint-Nazaire raid and the Atlantic Wall.

You can also climb into the upper tier of the observation bunker using an original metal ladder. On March 28, , the British troops attacked the heavily defended dry dock at Saint Nazaire.

Saint-Nazaire was targeted because the loss of its dry dock would force any large German warship to return to home waters via a different route, rather than having a port available on the Atlantic coast.

With the attack, they also protected Allied naval convoys that were vital for the United Kingdom. The fallen soldiers are buried at the Escoublac-La-Baule cemetery.

The cemetery that begun with the burial of 17 British soldiers during , is now the place of rest for Commonwealth soldiers, that were killed in the line of duty during the II.

The Atlantic Wall was an extensive system of coastal defense and fortifications built by Nazi Germany along the coast of continental Europe as a defense against an anticipated Allied invasion of Nazi-occupied during II.

The manning and operation of the Atlantic Wall was administratively overseen by the German Army, with some support from Luftwaffe ground forces.

The German Navy maintained a separate coastal defense network, organized into a number of sea defense zones. World War the port of Saint Nazaire was strategically important.

Because the Germans build here one of the largest fortified U-boat pen. The U-boat base was built between and The construction of the base required more than , cubic meters of concrete.

The part of the U-boat base were also army workshops, which were later destroyed. During the Battle of France, in World War II, Saumur was the site of the Battle of Saumur where the town and south bank of the Loire were defended by the teenage cadets of the cavalry school for the Honor of France.

In the town was a target bombing raids by Allied planes. In Tank Museum, the aim was to gather everything tank related, whether French or foreign and being of historical, technological and educational interest.

The collection includes mementos from the "Father of the French Tank" and from Major Bossut, one of the first officers to be killed in action whilst commanding a Tank Unit.

Battle of Ortona Museum shows photos of the battle, arms, uniforms and different arm artifacts. It was the culmination of the fighting on the Adriatic front in Italy.

The battle, known to those who fought it as the "Italian Stalingrad" for the deadliness of its close-quarters combat. Museum has a collection of army gear and uniforms of a Swiss and foreign army forces, from the time of the II.

World War and the Cold War. In addition of many tanks and cannons in the museum, there is also the entire collection of the former arms manufacturer Oerlikon.

Fort Reuenthal is a 20th century Swiss fortification located near the Swiss border with Germany. Built between and , the fort overlooks the Rhine where it bends around the town of Full-Reuenthal.

It is armed with two artillery blocks for 75mm guns and two machine gun blocks. It was a component of the Swiss Border Line of defenses intended to prevent a crossing of the Rhine at the hydroelectric plant at Dogern.

The fort was part of the Swiss Border Line defenses. The contemporary witness of Swiss military history. Construction of the fortifications in Crestawald was started in September , and by the huge artillery guns were ready for action.

For a long time, the bunkers were kept under the strictest of secrecy. With the restructuring of the army, the artillery fortresses near the state borders were decommissioned.

In the secrecy was lifted and the fortress was turned into a public museum by the Verein Festungsmuseum Crestawald. These lines of defensive blocks can be found all over Switzerland, but more predominantly in border areas.

Their purpose was to stop tank invasions. Since the line has been left to nature since its construction, it was decided to keep these concrete blocks and to make a hiking trail along their route.

The line was built along twelve fortresses, the most well known being the "Villa Rose" in Gland, which was transformed into a museum and opened to the public in The first section is dedicated to the period of the I World War, the involvement of Czech and Slovak people in the war, and the political and military events that resulted in the constitution of the independent Czechoslovak Republic.

The second section is dedicated to the Czechoslovak republic and its armed forces between the world wars, and the third section maps the period of the II.

World War, and the involvement of the Czech and Slovak people in the military operations, home resistance and other events aimed at restoring the independence of Czechoslovakia.

In addition to weapons, the exhibitions show many unique uniforms, banners, marks of distinction, and also personal memorabilia of the Czechoslovak presidents and leading army representatives.

The Operation Anthropoid Memorial is a memorial in Prague that commemorates Operation Anthropoid, the code name refers to the assassination of senior Nazi official Reinhard Heydrich by Czechoslovakian partisans on 27 May It lasted for almost six months.

As the bulk of the Red Army involved in the Belgrade operation continued their offensive in Hungary, the Yugoslav Army, accustomed to guerrilla warfare in the mountainous terrain of the Dinaric Alps, remained to fight the entrenched front line heavily contested by the Axis on the flat ground of the Pannonian plain.

Young men from Vojvodina and Central Serbia, many from freshly liberated regions, were drafted en masse and sent to the front, and the amount of training they received and their casualty levels remain in dispute.

Although mostly stationary, the front moved several times, generally westward, as the Axis forces were pushed back. In late March and early April , Yugoslav Army units mounted a general offensive on all fronts.

The Belgrade Military Museum is intended on the military history of Serbia, since Antiquity until the civil war in A large number of tanks, armored vehicles, and artillery, they are all a part of outside exhibition.

The Museum of Aviation was founded in in Belgrade. It is located adjacent to Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport, with 6.

It owns over aircraft previously operated by the Yugoslav Air Force, Serbian Air Force, and others, as well as aircraft previously flown by several civil airliners and private flying clubs.

The Military Museum collects, documents, preserves, studies, examines and presents museum material related to the life and work of the Slovenian army.

The Museum portrays different historical periods that shaped the present image of Slovenia, its inhabitants, and army. It also monitors and documents the Slovenian army development.

Collections include museum objects, archive and library material, visual artworks, videothequeunit, and photographs.

With this document the II. World War ended for the Slovenians. A memorial room that represents partial German capitulation of the army troop E and German forces in southeast Europe.

You can see a short film about the events occurring in these parts in May Behind the glass wall is a reconstruction of the signing of capitulation that was one of the most important events on our territory during the II.

Teharje camp was a prison camp near Teharje, Slovenia, during the II. World War, organized by Nazi Germany and used after the war by the Partisans.

In , Nazi forces built a military camp for approximately people in Teharje, including six residential barracks and ten other buildings.

Towards the end of the war, Nazis used the camp to hold prisoners that had participated in the defense of the city Celje, and the camp was abandoned for a short time after the war.

In the first days of June , approximately 3. It is estimated that the postwar authorities executed approximately 5. World War ended in Europe. Memorial with a tomb in which are buried the mortal remains of those who fell.

The memorial was built in memory Partisans, who fell in a battle for Suha Krajina. Around the monument are the public announcements of the executions of some people who were condemned to death by the German forces.

The memorial as well pays tribute for foreigners, who fought in Slovene National Liberation Struggle. The memorial was built and is a work of Marjana Tepine.

Large spherical bronze memorial where are photos of a group of people. Rupnik Line named after the Slovene general in the Yugoslav army, Leon Rupnik, was a line of fortifications and weapons installations that Yugoslavia constructed along its terrestrial western and northern border.

The construction of the line was a safety measure taken in order to counter the construction of Alpine Wall, a line built by the bordering country Italy, as well as against imposing danger of a German invasion.

It was established to provide good positions to enforce the existing border, as well as to repel a potential invasion. Although there were troops manning the fortifications at its peak, the line was never used to full potential, as it was largely unprepared and abandoned by the time Yugoslavia was invaded in April by Italy, Germany, and Hungary.

The Trail of Remembrance and Comradeship also referred to as the Trail Along the Wire, is a gravel-paved recreational and memorial walkway almost 33 km 21 mi long and 4 m 13 ft wide around the city of Ljubljana, the capital of Slovenia.

The walkway leads past Koseze Pond and across the Golovec Hill. The trail was built since and it was completed in It is marked by signposts, information boards with the map of the trail, plaques, and metal markers, as well as signposts at the turn-offs.

One hundred and two octagonal memorial stones have been installed at the former positions of the bunkers. Along the green area adjacent to it, 7.

Since , it has been protected as a designed nature monument. The battlefield of Pohorje Battalion is located at "Three Nails", 30 minutes on a footpath from Osankarica home.

At "Three Nails" there is a main local and municipal monument from the National Liberation Struggle when on this spot fell whole Pohorje Battalion.

The Osankarica home has a museum collection in its extension, an exhibition named "Partisan Pohorje". Special attention is paid to the last standby fighters of the Pohorje Battalion at Osankarica on 8 January After fighting overwhelmingly superior German forces for two and a half hours, 69 fighters, including women, lost their lives.

Only one partisan was captured alive by the Germans and he was later shot as a hostage. The Pohorje Battalion became a legend in the resistance of the Slovenes against the occupation.

The Park of Military History in Pivka, Slovenia, is a museum and adventure center, which is located in a former Italian barracks.

An exhibition is composed of tanks and artillery collection. It also includes the Italian fortress on Rapallo border.

The mighty Katzenstein Castle in the middle of the settlement served as a Gestapo prison during the time of Nazi occupation.

A part of the former prison cells in the extension of the castle has been converted into a memorial museum, nearby in a park, near village Draga, there is a mass grave of hostages.

The Museum of National Liberation of Maribor has been functioning as an autonomous museum since It is a historical museum dealing primarily with museological and historiographical analyses of the recent history of the North-Eastern parts of Slovenia.

The new collection will present the major turning points of the 20th century — I. World War, Independence War, lives of local inhabitants, the misery of simple people whose lives, though residing in the same city, were totally different from those of the wealthier classes.

The Lokev Military Museum represents the biggest private collection this sort in Europe. All the artifacts are unique. One of the few instances has a special place a sword with a gold handle, such as Adolf Hitler giving its officers for special merits.

It is preserved only 11 such swords. The Museum of Contemporary History in Slovenia is a national museum, dedicated to heritage of contemporary history from the start of the 20th century until today.

World War, collections from an era between the wars, an era of communism and about the liberated country of Slovenia. World War here was the first Assembly of the emissaries of the Slovene nation in the building, from 1 till 4 October They were the first directly elected representation of an occupied nation in Europe during II.

The assembly was the largest political gathering during the national liberation war and with its declarative rather that constitutional meaning it is an important cornerstone in the development of the national liberation fight on Slovene territory.

The collection is exhibited in a hall and it means a unique show of historical events. He was one of the most important actors of National Liberation Struggle.

After his death he became a national hero, there is a song to honor him, a lot of elementary schools are named after him, also the barracks was named in his honor: The Barracks of Franc Rozman - Stane.

This battle was the first direct confrontation between the two. Fighting both numerically and equipment-wise vastly superior Germans the Partisan Cankar Battalion numbering combatants suffered eight casualties throughout the entire battle.

German forces suffered 26 casualties according to German documents. After three days of fighting, the Partisans were forced to leave the village.

After the battle, the Partisans were pursued and killed by the Germans. It was also highly praised after Slovenia declared independence and introduced democracy.

A museum collection is on display in the cellar of the Dravograd municipal building, depicting the horrors of the Gestapo based in Dravograd during II.

The imprisoned partisans, their associates, and supporters, as well as mere suspects, were brutally tortured there, and some even died as a result.

The survivors were shot as hostages in nearby forests or transported to concentration camps. Several houses and farm buildings were burnt down in the Dravograd area, with the locals killed or burnt alive.

Partisan techniques were secret printeries, that reproduced partisan journal. In the year , they start working in Gorenjska region.

They print, radio reports, leaflets with slogans, flyers and other propaganda material. The Partisan press played an important role in the fight against occupation.

It encouraged the population to join forces of the National Liberation Struggle. The exhibition covers the time from the first organized proletarian activity before II.

World War to the liberation of Novo mesto on 8 May , with the main focus on the activities during the war, the National Liberation Struggle in this part of Slovenia.

An extra feature of the exhibition is photo albums and the memorial hall with the names of almost 3. The venue of the exhibition is one of the few museum buildings that were built specifically for that purpose in Slovenia after II.

The exhibition shows moments of despair when people are leaving their homes, their stay in the German concentration camps and happy returns to the home village.

A number of documents, letters, postcards, maps and some items that are used by people in exile, are on display. Also, the museum has a memorial book of testimonies of those who survived the horrors of the German concentration camps.

Also, it displays collected works that describe the happenings during II. The covert partisan hospital complex comprised six units and was being built on the western Pohorje Hills from April until the end of the war by Dr.

Around wounded people were treated in the hospital units. Despite German strongholds in the valley and numerous field searches, the occupation forces never found the hospital units.

The Jesen Partisan Hospital is the only renovated partisan hospital on the eastern Pohorje. In the second half of October , they started to build the hospital, that is how the hospital got the name Jesen, which means Autumn.

The first wounded were taken care on the 6. The transfer of the wounded to the hospital was very tough because they have to take the victims over long distances and cover the tracks so that the enemy would not find them.

The hospital has preserved documents showing that 25 wounded were treated there. According to the statements of the medical team, there were many more patients.

At the end of May , they left the hospital and the wounded were transferred to a military hospital in the Maribor Gosposvetska road. World War hospital at the Dolenji Novaki near Cerkno.

It was run by the Slovene Partisans from December until the end of the war as part of a broadly organized resistance movement against the Fascist and Nazi occupying forces.

Built in difficult and rugged terrain in the remote Pasica Gorge. The hospital was located deep inside German-occupied Europe, only a few hours from Austria and the central parts of the Third Reich.

German military activity was frequent in the general region throughout the operation of the hospital. The bridges could be retracted if the enemy was in the vicinity.

In order to preserve the secrecy necessary for a clandestine hospital to operate, the patients were blindfolded during transportation to the facility.

The hospital was named after its manager and physician, Franja Bojc Bidovec, who began working there in February Extremely well equipped for a clandestine partisan operation, the hospital remained intact until the end of the war.

It was designed to provide treatment to as many as patients at a time. Most of its patients were wounded anti-Nazi resistance fighters, who could not go to regular hospitals because they would be arrested.

Among its patients were many nationalities, including one wounded German enemy soldier who, after being treated, remained in the hospital as a member of the hospital staff.

The hospital operated until 5 May It became a part of the Cerkno Museum in The collection recalls important events in the first half of the 20th century.

At the turn of the century, though economic conditions forced thousands of Bela Krajina people to emigrate in different countries, most of them in the United States of America.

In former Yugoslavia, Bela Krajina was only slowly picking from backwardness. On the outbreak of II. World War Bela Krajina fell into the Italian occupation zone.

After the capitulation of Italy in , the area between the Kolpa river and Gorjanci mountains became a free partisan territory, this was a unique phenomenon, not only in the II.

World War, but also in the entire history of warfare. Near a village Dolenjske Toplice between karst doline and densely planted pine trees, the National Liberation Movement hid the partisan hospitals, printer shops, and workshops.

The town Hunkovce is located near the main road across the Dukla Pass. It has a German II. World War cemetery, the place of the last rest for more than 3, German soldiers who died between It is dedicated in honor the deaths of Russian soldiers during the Battle of Dukla in autumn It is 49 m high and was built on the site of an original wooden observation tower.

Today a peaceful rural area on the Slovak-Polish border, the Dukla Mountain Pass witnessed one of the biggest and most bloody battles of II.

Three months after the Allies landed in Normandy, on the other side of Europe burst a frantic battle between the Soviet Red Army supported by the Czechoslovak Corps and the defending German and Hungarian forces fortified in the Carpathian Mountains on the Slovak-Polish border.

In a small town of Svidnik, there is an open-air museum. Here you will touch and see war machines, cannons, and vehicles, with most interesting exhibits being the Soviet Katyusha rocket launcher, the tank T 34, the German armored carrier D-7, the soviet infantry mortar M and the soviet transport airplane.

The Valley of Death is located in the Dukla Pass just outside the village of Svidnik in the northeastern corner of Slovakia.

In this valley several tanks and other remains from one of the great tank battles of II. World War, the Battle of the Dukla Pass, can still be seen.

Some of the tanks are left almost where they stopped during the battle, while other have been turned into monuments.

Most of the tanks are Russian model T For two-and-a-half years, the citizens of Leningrad suffered chronic privations and constant bombardment.

Although the precarious Road of Life brought supplies across the ice of Lake Ladoga in the winter months, the food was woefully short, fuel was scarce in winter, and in summer the dire state of sanitation spread disease at epidemic levels.

In all, over Their sacrifice and the extraordinary endurance of the survivors is etched on the conscience of the city, a source of immense pride and profound sorrow.

The museum consists of open-air and indoor permanent exhibitions of many famous tanks and armored vehicles. To commemorate the heroic efforts of the residents of Leningrad and the soldiers on the Leningrad Front to the repel the Nazis in the day Siege of Leningrad during II.

Leningrad was never occupied by Germans. The Road of Life was the ice road winter transport route across the frozen Lake Ladoga, which provided the only access to the besieged city of Leningrad now St.

The siege lasted from 8 September to 27 January Over one million citizens of Leningrad died from starvation, stress, exposure and bombardments.

In addition to transporting thousands of tons of munitions and food supplies each year, the Road of Life also served as the primary evacuation route for the millions of Soviets trapped within the starving city.

The road today forms part of the World Heritage Site. Red Square is a city square in Moscow, Russia. The square itself is around meters 1, feet long and 70 meters feet wide, It separates the Kremlin, the former royal citadel and currently the official residence of the President of Russia, from a historic merchant quarter known as Kitai-gorod.

During the Soviet era, Red Square maintained its significance, becoming a focal point for the new state. Besides being the official address of the Soviet government, it was renowned as a showcase for military parades from onward.

In the s, Kazan Cathedral and Iverskaya Chapel with the Resurrection Gates were demolished to make room for heavy military vehicles driving through the square.

The buildings surrounding the Square are all significant in some respect. Nearby is a memorial for all fallen soldiers during the II.

World War with an eternal flame, along the wall of the Kremlin, are ceramic cubes filled with the soil of Soviet cities Heroes.

Central Naval Museum is a naval museum in St. During the three centuries of its existence, the museum has collected more than There are over The memorial complex was opened on 9 May Petersburg were buried in mass graves.

Near the entrance, an eternal flame is located. A marble plate affirms that from 4 September to 22 January The museum features exhibits and memorials concerning II.

In the center of the museum is the Hall of Glory, a white marble room which features the names of over A large bronze sculpture, the "Soldier of Victory," stands in the center of this hall.

The upper floors feature numerous exhibits about the war, including dioramas depicting major battles, photographs of wartime activities, weapons and munitions, uniforms, awards, newsreels, letters from the battlefront, and model aircraft.

In addition, the museum maintains an electronic "memory book" which attempts to record the name and fate of every Russian soldier who died in II.

The museum is set in Victory Park, a 2,hectare park on Poklonnaya Hill. The park features a large, paved plaza, fountains, and open space where military vehicles, cannons, and other apparatus from II.

World War are displayed. Over its history the museum has managed to accumulate the most prominent and important military relics of the Soviet period, creating a record of its military past.

In total, more than seven hundred thousand individual exhibits are now stored at the museum. The most valuable are displayed in the 25 halls of the main building.

The most prized display is that dedicated to the Great Patriotic War, which includes the Victory Banner as well as all of the front banners and the captured Nazi ones that were used during the Victory Parade in There are examples of Soviet propaganda posters depicting Germany being crushed between the two fronts and maps of the Allied advance from Normandy into Germany.

British and American small arms and uniforms are displayed. The last halls display the post-war and modern developments of the Soviet Army and Navy, the Cold War section contains wreckage from the U-2 spy-plane that was piloted by Gary Powers and the involvement of Soviet forces in Cold War conflicts.

A special display is dedicated to the Soviet involvement in Afghanistan and recent combat operations in Chechnya. It is located in the immediate vicinity of the site of the former villages Troparevo-Nikulino, where was in October-November a defensive line of the Moscow volunteer division.

The main goal is to reenact the battle of Moscow as an intense historical event through the perception the ones involves and victims.

It shows their sacrifice and heroic actions. Artillery Museum is a state-owned military museum in Saint Petersburg, Russia.

Its collections, consisting of Russian military equipment, uniforms, and decorations, are hosted in the Kronverk of the Peter and Paul Fortress situated on the right bank of the Neva near Alexander Park.

Mayakovskaya is a Moscow Metro station. Considered to be one of the most beautiful in the system, it is a fine example of pre-II.

World War Stalinist Architecture and one of the most famous Metro stations in the world. Located 33 meters beneath the surface, the station became famous during II.

World War when an air raid shelter was located in the station. On the anniversary of the October Revolution, on 7 November , Joseph Stalin addressed a mass assembly of party leaders and ordinary Muscovites in the central hall of the station.

World War, Stalin took residence in this place. Aurora is a Russian protected cruiser, currently preserved as a museum ship in St. World War, the guns were taken from the ship and used in the land defense of Leningrad.

The ship herself was docked in Oranienbaum port and was repeatedly shelled and bombed. On 30 September , she was damaged and sunk in the harbor.

In she became a museum ship. It is the best known of the kremlins, Russian citadels and includes five palaces, four cathedrals, and the enclosing Kremlin Wall with Kremlin towers.

Also within this complex is the Grand Kremlin Palace. The complex serves as the official residence of the President of the Russian Federation.

The Soviet government moved from Petrograd to Moscow on 12 March Vladimir Lenin selected the Kremlin Senate as his residence.

Joseph Stalin also had his personal rooms in the Kremlin. He was eager to remove all the "relics of the tsarist regime" from his headquarters.

From three entrance doors, only one serves as an entrance for visitors. The museum shows us the most important battles for independents and freedom in Romanian history.

It includes army documents, trophies and a great collection of firearms, including artillery, tanks, and air crafts.

Primarily dealing with the history of Jews in Poland. The institute is a repository of documentary materials relating to the Jewish historical presence in Poland.

It is also a center for academic research, study and the dissemination of knowledge about the history and culture of Polish Jewry.

The most valuable part of the collection is the Warsaw Ghetto Archive, known as the Ringelblum Archive. It contains about 6. Other important collections concerning II.

World War include testimonies mainly of Jewish survivors of the Holocaust , memoirs and diaries, documentation of the Joint and Jewish Self-Help, and documents from the Jewish Councils.

The section on the documentation of Jewish historical sites holds about 40 thousand photographs concerning Jewish life and culture in Poland.

Pawiak was a prison built in in Warsaw, Poland. The Pawiak prison got the name after aa street named Pawia, which in polish means "Peacock Street".

Following the German invasion of Poland in it was turned into a German Gestapo prison, and then part of the Nazi extermination camp system. On August 21 an unknown number of remaining prisoners were shot and the buildings burned and blown up by the Nazis.

The shelter was built by the Germans in as an anti-aircraft shelter for civilians. Shelter is 5 floor deep. Its ferroconcrete walls are 3 meters thick, a ceiling is 2,80 meters thick.

The longest corridor is about meters long. The total surface of shelter is 2. There was enough space for 5. After the war, the shelter could be used as a nuclear shelter.

However, the work was never completed because of the rapid advance of the Red Army during the Baltic Offensive in autumn On 25 January , the complex was blown up and abandoned 48 hours before the arrival of Soviet forces.

World War in Europe. Beginning on 1 September , German naval forces and soldiers and Danzig police assaulted the Polish Military Transit Depot on the peninsula of Westerplatte, in the harbor of the Free City of Danzig.

Lubuskie War Museum has an enormous collection polish war gear from II. Museum also has a collection of old handguns and uniforms.

Museum of the Polish Army is a museum in Warsaw documenting the military aspects of the history of Poland. It occupies a wing of the building of the Polish National Museum.

The collection illustrates a thousand years of Polish military history - from the 10th century to the II. The Warsaw Uprising was a major II.

However, the Soviet advance stopped short, enabling the Germans to regroup and demolish the city while defeating the Polish resistance, which fought for 63 days with little outside support.

The Uprising was the largest single military effort taken by any European resistance movement during II. The main Polish objectives were to drive the German occupiers from the city and help with the larger fight against Germany and the Axis powers.

Secondary political objectives were to liberate Warsaw before the Soviets, to underscore Polish sovereignty by empowering the Polish Underground State before the Soviet-backed Polish Committee of National Liberation could assume control.

There were over Mass deportations started in the summer of Earlier that year, during the Wannsee Conference, the Final Solution was set in motion.

Treblinka was an extermination camp, built by Nazis in occupied Poland during II. The camp operated between 23 July and 19 October as part of Operation Reinhard, the deadliest phase of the Final Solution.

During this time, it is estimated that around Stutthof was the first concentration camp outside German borders, in operation from 2 September , and the last camp liberated by the Allies on 9 May Most were suffocated in gas chambers fed by the exhaust of a large petrol engine.

Although initially proposed for forced labor rather than extermination, the camp was used to kill people on an industrial scale during Operation Reinhard, the German plan to murder all Jews within their own General Government territory of Poland.

At its peak activity in , the Gross-Rosen complex had up to subcamps located in eastern Germany, Czechoslovakia, and on the territory of occupied Poland.

Following the invasion of Poland in , Germany annexed the area into the new territory of Reichsgau Wartheland, aiming at its complete "Germanization", the camp was set up specifically to carry out ethnic cleansing through mass killings.

It operated from 8 December parallel to Operation Reinhard during the most deadly phase of the Holocaust, and again from 23 June to 18 January during the Soviet counter-offensive.

At a very minimum The Polish official estimates, in the early postwar period, have suggested much higher numbers, up to a total of The victims were killed with the use of gas vans.

Two survivors testified also at the camp personnel trials conducted in —65 by West Germany. The camp operated from 17 March to the end of December It was situated about 0.

The burning of exhumed corpses on five open-air grids and bone crushing continued until March World War and only one of them, became known from his own postwar testimony submitted officially.

Around 90 percent of those killed were Jewish; approximately 1 in 6 Jews killed in the Holocaust died at the camp. Others deported to Auschwitz included Many of those not killed in the gas chambers died of starvation, forced labor, infectious diseases, individual executions, and medical experiments.

One hundred forty-four prisoners are known to have escaped from Auschwitz successfully, and on 7 October , two Sonderkommando units, prisoners assigned to staff the gas chambers, launched a brief, unsuccessful uprising.

As Soviet troops approached Auschwitz in January , most of its population was evacuated and sent on a death march. The prisoners remaining at the camp were liberated on 27 January , a day now commemorated as International Holocaust Remembrance Day.

The camp became a dominant symbol of the Holocaust. Operating here before DEF was the first Malopolska factory of enamelware and metal products limited liability company, instituted in March World War broke out.

Using the power of the German occupation forces in the capacity of a trustee, he took over the German kitchenware shop on ul. Krakowska, and in November , on the power of the decision of the Trusteeship Authority he took over the receivership of the "Rekord" company in Zablocie.

He also produced ammunition shells, so that his factory would be classed as an essential part of the war effort. About 1, Jewish prisoners from Krakow survived there to be liberated by the Soviets on 8 May None of them were finished, all are in different states of completion with only a small percentage of tunnels reinforced by concrete.

In the presence of the increasing Allied air raids, Nazi Germany relocated a large part of its strategic armaments production into safer regions including the District of Sudetenland.

Plans to protect critical infrastructure also involved a transfer of the arms factories to underground bunkers and construction of the air-raid shelters for government officials.

Built in —44, it was the most technologically advanced fortification system of Nazi Germany and remains one of the largest and the most interesting systems of this type in the world today.

It consists of around concrete defense structures partially interconnected by a network of underground tunnels. Some of the forts and tunnels are available for visiting.

The most interesting part is the central section, which begins in the south with the so-called Boryszyn Loop near the village of Boryszyn and extends about 12 km 8 mi to the north.

In the central section, the bunkers are interconnected with an underground system of tunnels, 32 kilometers 19 mi long and up to 40 meters 34 yd deep.

In the underground system, there are also railway stations, workshops, engine rooms, and barracks. From the autumn of until autumn there was a complex of prisoner-of-war Nazi camps in Zagan and its neighborhood.

Among its prisoners were: The prisoners of this camp attempted to escape. However, only three prisoners managed to escape and the remaining 73 were captured.

As soon as Hitler got to know about it, he had a briefing with Keitel, Himmler, and Goering. The epilog of the "great runaway" took place before the British Military Court of Justice in Hamburg in , Fourteen of the accused were sentenced to death, whereas the remaining four were sentenced to imprisonment of many years.

The museum is located in Sochaczew town 60 kilometers west of Warsaw. It own the greatest collection of weapons, equipment, uniforms and other relics from September Campaign of , especially connected with the Bzura River Battle, the biggest Ally offensive engagement against Wehrmacht in early years of II.

The history of the Jews is shown in 8 galleries. The gallery also covers the horrors experienced by the non-Jewish majority population of Poland during II.

World War as well as their reactions and responses to the extermination of Jews. The Polish resistance movement in II. World War, with the Polish Home Army at its forefront, was the largest underground resistances in all of Nazi-occupied Europe, covering both German and Soviet zones of occupation.

The Polish defense against the Nazi occupation was an important part of the European anti-fascist resistance movement. It is most notable for disrupting German supply lines to the Eastern Front, providing military intelligence to the British, and for saving more Jewish lives during the Holocaust than any other Allied organization or government.

It was a part of the Polish Underground State. The permanent exhibition presents the history of Polish Underground State and Home Army in their complexity.

The main section of the exhibition begins with the so-called September Campaign Invasion of Poland. The division of Poland into two occupied zones, German and Soviet, consists of several sections and are well documented with photographic displays.

Day-by-day life, both civilian and military, and the policy of both occupants is shown in the rich narrative scenography of the exhibition, based on documents and artifacts such as uniforms, munitions, many documents, and decorations.

The aim of the museum is to show the military history of Hel and the Polish Navy. A number of thematic exhibitions show the heroism of the defense of Hel in , and the development of the Polish Navy through history.

The development of naval armaments and communications over the last fifty years is shown in detail. The historical museum in a palace of Dukla is a combination of small local heritage and II.

World War with a highlight of the year and the Battle of Dukla Pass. This was one of the last major tank battles of II. World War, which concluded the full liberation of Ukraine.

The museum includes a huge collection of artillery weaponry and a collection of weapons small caliber, uniforms and army gear. Though the killings took place at several different locations, the massacre is named after the Katyn Forest, where some of the mass graves were first discovered.

The number of victims is estimated at about 22, The victims were executed in the Katyn Forest in Russia, the Kalinin and Kharkiv prisons, and elsewhere.

Of the total killed, about 8, were officers imprisoned during the Soviet invasion of Poland, another 6, were police officers, and the rest were arrested Polish intelligentsia that the Soviets deemed to be intelligence agents, gendarmes, landowners, saboteurs, factory owners, lawyers, officials, and priests.

OKH Mauerwald is a system of bunkers and military posts belonging to German Supreme Command during the years and It was built around 20 km northeast from Wolfschanze by organization Todt.

Similar as Wolfschanze, but bigger, the area covered more than structures with more than 30 reinforced buildings and bunkers.

Lviv is an administrative center in western Ukraine with more than a millennium of history as a settlement and over seven centuries as a city.

World War, Poland again and the Soviet Union. Also, a number of Polish troops from Central Poland were trying to reach the city and organize a defense there to buy time to regroup.

On 19 September an unsuccessful Polish diversionary attack under was launched. Soviet troops, part of the force which had invaded on 17 September under the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, replaced the Germans around the city.

On 22 September Poland officially capitulated. Germans and Soviets divided Poland into two parts, the Eastern part fell in Soviet part and the Western part became a part of the Third Reich.

German and Soviet soldiers gazed into their eyes and celebrated the victory with a cigarette. The camp initially occupied barracks built to house British and French prisoners in I.

At this same location, there had been a prisoner camp during the Franco-Prussian War of The museum collection includes archives and artifacts, also a great collection of books.

The collection is really rich and connected to polish prisoners-of-war. During the Warsaw Uprising of , the cathedral was one of the churches frequently targeted by the Luftwaffe.

Heavy fighting was also fighting for the ruins, as the preserved western tower was used as an observation post. At the same time, the cellars of the monastery and the crypts beneath the church were used as a provisional field hospital.

The remnants of the church, along with the hospital, were destroyed by German aerial bombardment on 20 August Gliwice, Poland on the eve of II.

The goal was to use the staged attack as a pretext for invading Poland. This provocation was the best-known of several actions in Operation Himmler, a series of unconventional operations undertaken by the SS in order to serve specific propaganda goals of Nazi Germany at the outbreak of the war.

It was intended to create the appearance of Polish aggression against Germany in order to justify the subsequent invasion of Poland.

The German attack began in Gdansk, with a bombardment of Polish positions at Westerplatte by the German battleship Schleswig-Holstein, and the landing of German infantry on the peninsula.

The museum is located in ex-fort Hoek van Holland. This fort was primarily built as a defensive system for the new waterway against enemies.

More than years old building with many hallways, staircases, and rooms, which gives a visitor a good look into a life of soldiers in the fort.

The Westerbork transit camp was a II. World WarNazi refugee, detention, and transit camp in Hooghalen, ten kilometers 6.

It functions during the II. Herzogenbusch was, with Natzweiler-Struthof in occupied France, the only concentration camp run directly by the SS in western Europe outside of Germany.

The camp was first used in and held After the war, the camp was used as a prison for Germans and Dutch collaborators. Today there is a museum with exhibitions and a national monument remembering the camp and its victims.

Amersfoort concentration camp was a Nazi concentration camp in Amersfoort, Netherlands. The official name was Police Transit Camp Amersfoort.

During the years of to , over Amersfoort was a transit camp, where prisoners were sent to places like Buchenwald, Mauthausen, and Neuengamme.

It was on July 15, , that the Germans began deporting Dutch Jews from Amersfoort, Vught, and Westerbork to concentration camps and death camps such as Auschwitz, Sobibor, and Theresienstadt.

The city of Rotterdam played important role in the II. It became unrecognized on 14 May , when it was bombed by Nazi forces. Called Rotterdam Blitz was the aerial bombardment by the Luftwaffe.

Later Germans occupied the Netherlands and Allied forces carried out a number of operations over Rotterdam. These included bombing strategic installations, leaflet dropping and during the last week of the war, the dropping off emergency food supplies.

The city was burst in shreds. The museum is not just a monument but also serves as a reminder of injustice that is happening in the world today. The cemetery is home to 1.

In Operation Market-Garden Allies lost between Allied victims are buried in Arnhem Oosterbeek War Cemetery. The Battle of Overloon was a battle fought in the II.

World War battle between Allied forces and the German Army which took place in and around the village of Overloon in the southeast of the Netherlands between 30 September and 18 October Operation Aintree resulted in an Allied victory.

The Allies went on to liberate the town of Venray. The museum contains many vehicles, tanks, warcraft, documentation, all connected with the Battle of Overloon.

World War Netherlands American Cemetery and Memorial is a war cemetery which lies in the village of Margraten six miles 10 km east of Maastricht, in the most southern part of the Netherlands.

The tall memorial tower can be seen before reaching the cemetery which covers From the cemetery entrance through the Court of Honor with its pool reflecting the chapel tower.

Operation Market-Garden, the largest airborne operation in history took place here in September and Operation Veritable, the Rhineland Offensive, the final road to freedom in Europe, started from here in February The museum brings the historical events of the liberation by the American, British, Canadian and Polish troops back to life.

In the museum, you live through the period preceding the war, experience the occupation, celebrate the liberation and witness the rebuilding of the Netherlands and Europe after the war.

The museum with its presentations, models, movies and audio recordings, brings the war back to life and offers a unique exhibition.

September this area was a place of Operation Market-Garden, also here, st American paratroopers landed. An exhibition contains war gear and vehicles, including an airplane Dakota and Lockheed TFg Starfighter.

Permanent exhibit of the museum recreates the atmosphere of the streets of Amsterdam during the German occupation. Big photographs, old posters, objects, films and sounds from that horrible time, help to recreate the scene.

The background of the Holocaust is visualized to the visitor. Following D-day invasion and slow progress of Allied forces. General Omar Bradley, commander of the 12th Army Group in the Allied center, advocated in favor of a drive into the Saar to pierce the German Westwall or Siegfried Line defenses and open Germany to invasion.

The northern end of the pincer would circumvent the northern end of the Siegfried Line giving easier access into Germany.

The aim of Operation Market Garden was to establish the northern end of a pincer ready to project deeper into Germany. The operation made massed use of airborne forces, whose tactical objectives were to secure the bridges and allow a rapid advance by armored ground units to consolidate north of Arnhem.

The operation required the seizure of the bridges across the Maas Meuse River , two arms of the Rhine the Waal and the Lower Rhine together with crossings over several smaller canals and tributaries.

At the furthest point of the airborne operation at Arnhem, the British 1st Airborne Division encountered initial strong resistance.

The delays in capturing the bridges at Son and Nijmegen gave time for German forces, including the 9th and 10th SS panzer divisions who were present at that time, to organize and retaliate.

In the ensuing battle, only a small force managed to capture the north end of the Arnhem road bridge and after the ground forces failed to relieve them, the paratroopers were overrun on 21 September.

The remainder of the 1st Airborne Division were trapped in a small pocket west of the bridge, having to be evacuated on 25 September.

The Allies had failed to cross the Rhine and the river remained a barrier to their advance into Germany until offensives at Remagen, Oppenheim, Rees and Wesel in March The failure of Market Garden to form a foothold over the Rhine ended Allied expectations of finishing the war by Christmas War reporter Bill Downs described it as: A story that should be told to the blowing of bugles and the beating of drums for the men whose bravery made the capture of this crossing over the Waal possible.

All around the city of Ijmuiden are bunkers from the II.

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